Table 4

Comparing population pressure in 1841 with that in 1821

Fourth-Class Houses (%)Illiteracy (%)
(1)(2)(3)(4)
Population Pressure, 1841 0.095**  0.296**  
 (0.033)  (0.048)  
Population Pressure, 1821  0.085*  0.304** 
  (0.036)  (0.048) 
Population Pressure Growth, 1821–1841  0.106**  0.188** 
  (0.028)  (0.037) 
Baseline Controls Yes Yes Yes Yes 
Number of Observations 1,801 1,801 1,801 1,801 
R2 .463 .466 .687 .687 
Adjusted R2 .460 .462 .685 .685 
Fourth-Class Houses (%)Illiteracy (%)
(1)(2)(3)(4)
Population Pressure, 1841 0.095**  0.296**  
 (0.033)  (0.048)  
Population Pressure, 1821  0.085*  0.304** 
  (0.036)  (0.048) 
Population Pressure Growth, 1821–1841  0.106**  0.188** 
  (0.028)  (0.037) 
Baseline Controls Yes Yes Yes Yes 
Number of Observations 1,801 1,801 1,801 1,801 
R2 .463 .466 .687 .687 
Adjusted R2 .460 .462 .685 .685 

Notes: Columns 1–2 and 3–4 regress the fourth-class housing and illiteracy variables on the indicated covariates. Dependent variables and all covariates are expressed in terms of z scores (a one-unit change represents a one-standard-deviation change). The variables representing population pressure and road, waterway, and town distances were log-transformed (to remove skewness) before the z-score transformation. Conley standard errors allowing for spatial correlation within a 25-km radius are shown in parentheses.

*

p < .05; **p < .01

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal