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Table 3

Balance on correlates of child health: Coefficients on lower predicting observable characteristics, with household fixed effects

Dependent VariableNFHS-3
(2005–2006)
NFHS-4
(2015–2016)
Mother's Height (in cm) 0.382 −0.076 
 (0.396) (0.299) 
Mother's Age at Marriage −0.109 −0.095 
 (0.167) (0.172) 
Rural Home Before Marriage −0.013 a 
 (0.021)  
Mother's Education 0.118* 0.150** 
 (0.050) (0.041) 
Father's Education 0.201 −0.248 
 (0.219) (0.169) 
Father's Height (in cm) 0.170 0.199 
 (0.639) (0.360) 
Home Birth −0.092** −0.060** 
 (0.025) (0.019) 
C-section 0.026 0.028 
 (0.018) (0.019) 
Dependent VariableNFHS-3
(2005–2006)
NFHS-4
(2015–2016)
Mother's Height (in cm) 0.382 −0.076 
 (0.396) (0.299) 
Mother's Age at Marriage −0.109 −0.095 
 (0.167) (0.172) 
Rural Home Before Marriage −0.013 a 
 (0.021)  
Mother's Education 0.118* 0.150** 
 (0.050) (0.041) 
Father's Education 0.201 −0.248 
 (0.219) (0.169) 
Father's Height (in cm) 0.170 0.199 
 (0.639) (0.360) 
Home Birth −0.092** −0.060** 
 (0.025) (0.019) 
C-section 0.026 0.028 
 (0.018) (0.019) 

Notes: Each coefficient estimate and standard error corresponds to β^ in a separate regression estimate of yihv=β lowerihv+αhv+ϵihv, where y is the dependent variable listed in the table, lower is an indicator for being a child of the lower-ranking mother, and α represents household (h) fixed effects. Standard errors, clustered by village (v), are shown in parentheses. Being a lower-ranking daughter-in-law is the identifying variation of the main results. The samples correspond to the main height results shown in Figure 3, except when some variables are missing for some observations.

aThis question was not asked in the NFHS-4.

*p < .05; **p < .01

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