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Table 2

Multilevel within-between regression estimates of self-rated health: Add Health, Waves III–V

Model 1Model 2
bSEpbSEp
Intercept (β03.734 (0.042) *** 3.734 (0.042) *** 
Between-Person Race/Skin Tone (β1–3      
 White (ref.) —   —   
 BA light −0.122 (0.051) * −0.122 (0.051) * 
 BA medium −0.156 (0.041) *** −0.156 (0.041) *** 
 BA dark −0.101 (0.029) ** −0.101 (0.029) ** 
Between-Person SES (β4      
 Education 0.158 (0.014) *** 0.158 (0.014) *** 
 Personal income 0.061 (0.008) *** 0.061 (0.008) *** 
Within-Person SES (β5)a       
 Education 0.050 (0.023) * 0.025 (0.020)  
 Personal income 0.023 (0.004) *** 0.028 (0.005) *** 
Cross-Level Interactions (β6–8      
 BA light × within-person education −0.094 (0.067)  —   
 BA medium × within-person education −0.021 (0.057)  —   
 BA dark × within-person education −0.165 (0.031) *** —   
 BA light × within-person income —   −0.027 (0.026)  
 BA medium × within-person income —   −0.008 (0.010)  
 BA dark × within-person income —   −0.039 (0.010) *** 
Time-Varying Covariates (β′)        
 Age −0.054 (0.006) *** −0.054 (0.006) *** 
 Age2 0.001 (0.000) *** 0.001 (0.000) *** 
Time-Invariant Covariates (β′′)       
 Female (vs. male) −0.004 (0.021)  −0.004 (0.021)  
 Adolescent self-rated health 0.247 (0.010) *** 0.247 (0.010) *** 
Random Components       
 Level-1 residual (eit0.693 (0.008)  0.693 (0.008)  
 Level-2 intercept (ui0.471 (0.011)  0.471 (0.011)  
Model 1Model 2
bSEpbSEp
Intercept (β03.734 (0.042) *** 3.734 (0.042) *** 
Between-Person Race/Skin Tone (β1–3      
 White (ref.) —   —   
 BA light −0.122 (0.051) * −0.122 (0.051) * 
 BA medium −0.156 (0.041) *** −0.156 (0.041) *** 
 BA dark −0.101 (0.029) ** −0.101 (0.029) ** 
Between-Person SES (β4      
 Education 0.158 (0.014) *** 0.158 (0.014) *** 
 Personal income 0.061 (0.008) *** 0.061 (0.008) *** 
Within-Person SES (β5)a       
 Education 0.050 (0.023) * 0.025 (0.020)  
 Personal income 0.023 (0.004) *** 0.028 (0.005) *** 
Cross-Level Interactions (β6–8      
 BA light × within-person education −0.094 (0.067)  —   
 BA medium × within-person education −0.021 (0.057)  —   
 BA dark × within-person education −0.165 (0.031) *** —   
 BA light × within-person income —   −0.027 (0.026)  
 BA medium × within-person income —   −0.008 (0.010)  
 BA dark × within-person income —   −0.039 (0.010) *** 
Time-Varying Covariates (β′)        
 Age −0.054 (0.006) *** −0.054 (0.006) *** 
 Age2 0.001 (0.000) *** 0.001 (0.000) *** 
Time-Invariant Covariates (β′′)       
 Female (vs. male) −0.004 (0.021)  −0.004 (0.021)  
 Adolescent self-rated health 0.247 (0.010) *** 0.247 (0.010) *** 
Random Components       
 Level-1 residual (eit0.693 (0.008)  0.693 (0.008)  
 Level-2 intercept (ui0.471 (0.011)  0.471 (0.011)  

Notes: N = 7,371. Estimates are based on the model summarized in Eq. (1). Unstandardized linear regression coefficients (b) are reported with robust standard errors clustered by Wave I school in parentheses. Coefficients are weighted and derived with maximum likelihood procedures. Age and age2 are centered on the youngest age-group at Wave III (=18). Adolescent self-rated health is centered on the median (=4). BA = Black American. SES = socioeconomic status. Random components are standard deviation estimates.

a

Represents the estimated within-person effect of SES for White respondents when included in the interactions.

*

p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001 (two-tailed)

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