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Table 3

Model fit to U.S. Census 1980 and ACS data using different specifications of birthplace endogamy for 1.25, 1.5, and 1.75 generations

  GenerationModel Deviance
1.751.51.25Census 1980ACS 2014–2018
Birthplace Birthplace Birthplace 1,122,736 1,850,594 
Both Birthplace Birthplace 1,122,758 1,849,753 
USA Birthplace Birthplace 1,122,856 1,850,491 
Both Both Birthplace 1,122,775 1,849,202 
USA Both Birthplace 1,122,851 1,849,714 
USA USA Birthplace 1,123,002 1,851,089 
Both Both Both 1,122,932 1,850,676 
USA Both Both 1,122,968 1,850,894 
USA USA Both 1,123,013 1,851,576 
USA USA USA 1,122,968 1,852,855 
  GenerationModel Deviance
1.751.51.25Census 1980ACS 2014–2018
Birthplace Birthplace Birthplace 1,122,736 1,850,594 
Both Birthplace Birthplace 1,122,758 1,849,753 
USA Birthplace Birthplace 1,122,856 1,850,491 
Both Both Birthplace 1,122,775 1,849,202 
USA Both Birthplace 1,122,851 1,849,714 
USA USA Birthplace 1,123,002 1,851,089 
Both Both Both 1,122,932 1,850,676 
USA Both Both 1,122,968 1,850,894 
USA USA Both 1,123,013 1,851,576 
USA USA USA 1,122,968 1,852,855 

Notes: Age at U.S. arrival by generation is 0–5 (1.75), 6–12 (1.5), and 13–17 (1.25). All models include controls for educational differences, age differences, ethnoracial endogamy, and language endogamy. Minimum deviance is shown in bold. ACS = American Community Survey.

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