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Table 6

Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) from full models and predicted probability of spending any minutes with each adult child, by family structure and child type

Dyad TypeFamily StructureAdult Child TypeAny Minutes Spent With Adult Child (OR)Predicted Probability of Any Minutes
— Total Total — .135 
F1–C1 Biological, joint children only Joint Omitted .159a 
F2–C1 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Joint 1.75* (0.49) .238b 
F2–C2 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Biological child of focal parent 0.31* (0.14) .059 
F2–C3 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Stepchild of focal parent 0.37 (0.23) .070 
F3–C2 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner Biological child of focal parent 0.71 (0.14) .122cc 
F3–C3 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner Stepchild of focal parent 0.26** (0.06) .052 
F4–C2 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner Biological child of focal parent 0.47** (0.12) .087 
F4–C3 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner Stepchild of focal parent 0.30** (0.11) .058 
Dyad TypeFamily StructureAdult Child TypeAny Minutes Spent With Adult Child (OR)Predicted Probability of Any Minutes
— Total Total — .135 
F1–C1 Biological, joint children only Joint Omitted .159a 
F2–C1 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Joint 1.75* (0.49) .238b 
F2–C2 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Biological child of focal parent 0.31* (0.14) .059 
F2–C3 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Stepchild of focal parent 0.37 (0.23) .070 
F3–C2 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner Biological child of focal parent 0.71 (0.14) .122cc 
F3–C3 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner Stepchild of focal parent 0.26** (0.06) .052 
F4–C2 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner Biological child of focal parent 0.47** (0.12) .087 
F4–C3 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner Stepchild of focal parent 0.30** (0.11) .058 

Notes: The table presents ORs and predictions of any minutes for the family structure–adult child type hypotheses (shown in Table 2) based on the full model in Table A4 (online appendix). The data include diary days from married and cohabiting parent–adult child dyads in which at least one partner is aged 60 or older. Standard errors are shown in parentheses.

Sources: The 2013 Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the 2013 Disability and Use of Time Supplement.

a

H4: difference from stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren/joint child not significant in hypothesized direction (F1–C1 > F2–C1); however, p < .05 for F1–C1 < F2–C1.

b

p < .05 for H5: difference from stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren/biological child of focal parent (F2–C1 > F2–C2).

cc

p < .01 for H6b: difference from stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner/stepchild of focal parent (F3–C2 > F3–C3).

*

p < .05; **p < .01 compared with biological family–joint child (F1–C1) based on the full model in Table A4 (online appendix)

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