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Table 5

Weighted percentage of diary days for parent–adult child dyads on which parent spent any minutes with each adult child, overall and by family structure and child type

Parent–Adult Child Dyads
Dyad TypeFamily StructureAdult Child Type% With Family Structure and Adult Child Type% With Any MinutesNumber of Dyads
— Total Total 100.0 13.5 7,377 
F1–C1 Biological, joint children only Joint 55.5 17.5 3,285 
F2–C1 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Joint 3.5 30.1** 372 
F2–C2 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Biological child of focal parent 2.4 4.9** 261 
F2–C3 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Stepchild of focal parent 2.4 6.1 291 
F3–C2 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner Biological child of focal parent 14.2 8.6** 1,223 
F3–C3 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner Stepchild of focal parent 14.2 3.6** 1,222 
F4–C2 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner Biological child of focal parent 4.0 10.6* 382 
F4–C3 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner Stepchild of focal parent 3.7 7.2** 341 
Parent–Adult Child Dyads
Dyad TypeFamily StructureAdult Child Type% With Family Structure and Adult Child Type% With Any MinutesNumber of Dyads
— Total Total 100.0 13.5 7,377 
F1–C1 Biological, joint children only Joint 55.5 17.5 3,285 
F2–C1 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Joint 3.5 30.1** 372 
F2–C2 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Biological child of focal parent 2.4 4.9** 261 
F2–C3 Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren Stepchild of focal parent 2.4 6.1 291 
F3–C2 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner Biological child of focal parent 14.2 8.6** 1,223 
F3–C3 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner Stepchild of focal parent 14.2 3.6** 1,222 
F4–C2 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner Biological child of focal parent 4.0 10.6* 382 
F4–C3 Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner Stepchild of focal parent 3.7 7.2** 341 

Notes: Percentages may not equal 100 because of rounding. The data include diary days from married and cohabiting parent–adult child dyads in which at least one partner is aged 60 or older.

Sources: The 2013 Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the 2013 Disability and Use of Time Supplement.

*

p < .05; **p < .01 compared with biological family–joint child (F1–C1) based on the unadjusted model in Table A4 (online appendix)

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