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Table 4

Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and ordinary least-squares (OLS) coefficients from full models and predicted time with all adult children combined, by family structure

Any Minutes Spent With Adult Children (OR)Minutes Spent With Adult Children, Among Those With Any Minutes (OLS coef.)Predicted Time
Probability of Any MinutesMean Number of Minutes (if minutes > 0)
Total — — .321 232 
Family Structure     
 F1. Biological family, joint children only Omitted Omitted .370aa,cc 248cc 
 F2. Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren 1.40 50.94 .488bb,dd 299b,dd 
 (0.44) (43.17)   
 F3. Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner 0.41** −53.81 .200 194 
 (0.10) (40.14)   
 F4. Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner 0.32** −92.21** .162 156 
 (0.09) (33.86)   
Unweighted n 2,282 782   
Any Minutes Spent With Adult Children (OR)Minutes Spent With Adult Children, Among Those With Any Minutes (OLS coef.)Predicted Time
Probability of Any MinutesMean Number of Minutes (if minutes > 0)
Total — — .321 232 
Family Structure     
 F1. Biological family, joint children only Omitted Omitted .370aa,cc 248cc 
 F2. Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren 1.40 50.94 .488bb,dd 299b,dd 
 (0.44) (43.17)   
 F3. Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner 0.41** −53.81 .200 194 
 (0.10) (40.14)   
 F4. Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner 0.32** −92.21** .162 156 
 (0.09) (33.86)   
Unweighted n 2,282 782   

Notes: The table presents ORs, OLS coefficients, and predicted time for family structure hypotheses (shown in Table 2) based on the full models in Table A2 (online appendix). The data include diary days from married and cohabiting parents in which at least one partner is aged 60 or older. Standard errors are shown in parentheses.

Sources: The 2013 Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the 2013 Disability and Use of Time Supplement.

aa

p < .01 for H1b: difference from stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner (F1 > F3).

b

p < .05 for H2a: difference from stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner (F2 > F3).

bb

p < .01 for H2a: difference from stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner (F2 > F3).

cc

p < .01 for H1c: difference from stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner (F1 > F4).

dd

p < .01 for H2b: difference from stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner (F2 > F4).

*

p < .05; **p < .01 for odds relative to the omitted category (i.e., biological family)

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