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Table 3

Weighted percentage of diary days on which parent spent any minutes and weighted mean number of minutes among those with any minutes with all adult children combined, by family structure

All Diary DaysAmong Diary Days With Any Minutes for All Children Combined
% With Family Structure% With Any MinutesUnweighted nMean Number of MinutesUnweighted n
Total 100.0 32.1 2,282 243 782 
Family Structure      
 F1. Biological family, joint children only 65.2 35.4 1,275 248 508 
 F2. Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren 6.7 47.2 222 308 98 
 F3. Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner 17.4 24.0** 488 198 123 
 F4. Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner 10.7 16.0** 297 159a 53 
All Diary DaysAmong Diary Days With Any Minutes for All Children Combined
% With Family Structure% With Any MinutesUnweighted nMean Number of MinutesUnweighted n
Total 100.0 32.1 2,282 243 782 
Family Structure      
 F1. Biological family, joint children only 65.2 35.4 1,275 248 508 
 F2. Stepfamily, joint children and stepchildren 6.7 47.2 222 308 98 
 F3. Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from each partner 17.4 24.0** 488 198 123 
 F4. Stepfamily, no joint children, biological children from one partner 10.7 16.0** 297 159a 53 

Sources: The 2013 Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the 2013 Disability and Use of Time Supplement. The data include 2,282 diary days from married and cohabiting parents in which at least one parent is aged 60 or older.

a

p < .05 for t test of difference in mean minutes from biological family, joint children only (F1).

*p < .05; **p < .01 compared with biological family, joint children only based on the unadjusted model in Table A2 (online appendix)

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