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Table 2

Percentage of married and cohabiting same-sex couples by sex in the 2019 ACS

MaleFemale
CharacteristicMarriedCohabitingMarriedCohabiting
Percentage of Sample 57.48 42.52 59.22 40.78 
Household Composition     
 Couple only 76.62 83.63* 57.75 64.78* 
 Couple and at least one biological/step/adopted child (and possibly others) 12.69 4.67* 32.10 21.58* 
 Couple and others, no biological/step/adopted children 10.69 11.70 10.15 13.64* 
Age of Younger Partner     
 18–29 13.77 32.14* 16.98 38.54* 
 30–39 25.70 25.36 26.46 22.97 
 40–49 22.04 17.19* 19.57 13.47* 
 50+ 38.31 25.31* 36.73 24.44* 
Mean Age Gap 7.10 7.00 5.36 5.26 
Racial/Ethnic Composition     
 Both Black 3.41 4.95 7.26 10.89* 
 Both White 66.12 62.79 69.87 61.86* 
 Both Hispanic 8.40 8.81 8.32 8.90 
 Interracial/other/2+ 22.07 23.46 14.55 18.35* 
Either Foreign-born 29.22 18.26* 16.42 9.81* 
Residential History: Either Moved in Last Year 14.29 25.41* 16.88 31.21* 
Region of Current Residence     
 Northeast 20.33 17.74 18.79 17.21 
 Midwest 14.74 17.25 18.42 19.41 
 South 34.42 36.96 35.25 38.81 
 West 30.51 28.06 27.53 24.58 
Educational Attainment     
 Both high school or less 31.38 36.19* 38.52 46.41* 
 One college 30.98 34.04 27.66 26.63 
 Both college 37.64 29.78* 33.83 26.96* 
Employment Status     
 Both work full-time 53.32 57.98* 47.68 50.99 
 One works full-time 31.52 29.80 32.36 32.24 
 Neither works full-time 15.16 12.25 19.95 16.77 
Homeowner 70.38 55.56* 68.55 47.34* 
Mean Household Income per Person (US$) 72,025 62,909* 48,949 40,476* 
Unweighted N 3,015 2,148 3,308 2,160 
MaleFemale
CharacteristicMarriedCohabitingMarriedCohabiting
Percentage of Sample 57.48 42.52 59.22 40.78 
Household Composition     
 Couple only 76.62 83.63* 57.75 64.78* 
 Couple and at least one biological/step/adopted child (and possibly others) 12.69 4.67* 32.10 21.58* 
 Couple and others, no biological/step/adopted children 10.69 11.70 10.15 13.64* 
Age of Younger Partner     
 18–29 13.77 32.14* 16.98 38.54* 
 30–39 25.70 25.36 26.46 22.97 
 40–49 22.04 17.19* 19.57 13.47* 
 50+ 38.31 25.31* 36.73 24.44* 
Mean Age Gap 7.10 7.00 5.36 5.26 
Racial/Ethnic Composition     
 Both Black 3.41 4.95 7.26 10.89* 
 Both White 66.12 62.79 69.87 61.86* 
 Both Hispanic 8.40 8.81 8.32 8.90 
 Interracial/other/2+ 22.07 23.46 14.55 18.35* 
Either Foreign-born 29.22 18.26* 16.42 9.81* 
Residential History: Either Moved in Last Year 14.29 25.41* 16.88 31.21* 
Region of Current Residence     
 Northeast 20.33 17.74 18.79 17.21 
 Midwest 14.74 17.25 18.42 19.41 
 South 34.42 36.96 35.25 38.81 
 West 30.51 28.06 27.53 24.58 
Educational Attainment     
 Both high school or less 31.38 36.19* 38.52 46.41* 
 One college 30.98 34.04 27.66 26.63 
 Both college 37.64 29.78* 33.83 26.96* 
Employment Status     
 Both work full-time 53.32 57.98* 47.68 50.99 
 One works full-time 31.52 29.80 32.36 32.24 
 Neither works full-time 15.16 12.25 19.95 16.77 
Homeowner 70.38 55.56* 68.55 47.34* 
Mean Household Income per Person (US$) 72,025 62,909* 48,949 40,476* 
Unweighted N 3,015 2,148 3,308 2,160 

Source: 2019 American Commuinity Survey (ACS).

*

Difference between married and cohabiting couples is significant at p < .05

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