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Table 3

Three-way decompositions of differences in lifetime pensions between education and earnings groups

MenWomen
1920 Cohort1925 Cohort1920 Cohort1925 Cohort
Lifetime Pension (in SEK 1,000)%Lifetime Pension (in SEK 1,000)%Lifetime Pension (in SEK 1,000)%Lifetime Pension (in SEK 1,000)%
Primary vs. Tertiary Education         
 Mortality effect 636.2 21.6 852.1 27.1 436.1 18.8 433.5 17.7 
 Redistribution effect −3,597.8 −122.2 −2,963.6 −94.2 −2,086.4 −89.7 −1,569.4 −64.2 
 Earnings effect 5,906.2 200.6 5,257.5 167.1 3,975.2 171.0 3,580.9 146.5 
 Total 2,944.7 100.0 3,146.0 100.0 2,325.0 100.0 2,444.9 100.0 
Lowest vs. Highest Earnings Quintiles         
 Mortality effect 915.0 24.5 1,032.0 25.2 109.6 4.3 175.8 6.2 
 Redistribution effect −4,269.7 −114.5 −4,026.9 −98.2 −3,632.8 −141.7 −3,655.3 −128.1 
 Earnings effect 7,083.0 190.0 7,095.5 173.0 6,086.5 237.4 6,333.4 221.9 
 Total 3,728.3 100.0 4,100.6 100.0 2,563.3 100.0 2,853.8 100.0 
MenWomen
1920 Cohort1925 Cohort1920 Cohort1925 Cohort
Lifetime Pension (in SEK 1,000)%Lifetime Pension (in SEK 1,000)%Lifetime Pension (in SEK 1,000)%Lifetime Pension (in SEK 1,000)%
Primary vs. Tertiary Education         
 Mortality effect 636.2 21.6 852.1 27.1 436.1 18.8 433.5 17.7 
 Redistribution effect −3,597.8 −122.2 −2,963.6 −94.2 −2,086.4 −89.7 −1,569.4 −64.2 
 Earnings effect 5,906.2 200.6 5,257.5 167.1 3,975.2 171.0 3,580.9 146.5 
 Total 2,944.7 100.0 3,146.0 100.0 2,325.0 100.0 2,444.9 100.0 
Lowest vs. Highest Earnings Quintiles         
 Mortality effect 915.0 24.5 1,032.0 25.2 109.6 4.3 175.8 6.2 
 Redistribution effect −4,269.7 −114.5 −4,026.9 −98.2 −3,632.8 −141.7 −3,655.3 −128.1 
 Earnings effect 7,083.0 190.0 7,095.5 173.0 6,086.5 237.4 6,333.4 221.9 
 Total 3,728.3 100.0 4,100.6 100.0 2,563.3 100.0 2,853.8 100.0 

Notes: Mortality effect, redistribution effect, and earnings effect refer to the parts of total lifetime pension differences that are attributable to differences in mortality, differences in the differences between pension income and labor earnings, and differences in labor earnings, respectively. Units are in SEK 1,000 ≈ US$125.

Source: Authors' calculation based on linked administrative data from Statistics Sweden.

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