Skip to Main Content
Table 5

Leave types used by subgroups 12 months post-birth

GradeExperienceMarital Status
EnlistedOfficerNewNot NewSingleMarried
A. Maternity Leave       
 Unexpected +12 weeks 8.56*** 5.66*** 8.54*** 7.85*** 8.84*** 8.14*** 
  (0.33) (1.10) (0.36) (0.64) (0.63) (0.37) 
 Expected +12 weeks 11.20*** 9.96*** 11.25*** 10.71*** 11.25*** 11.03*** 
  (0.12) (0.38) (0.13) (0.22) (0.22) (0.13) 
 Expected +6 weeks 6.09*** 5.69*** 6.03*** 6.22*** 6.04*** 6.06*** 
  (0.13) (0.62) (0.15) (0.27) (0.21) (0.16) 
 Number of observations 2,214 210 1,778 646 610 1,814 
p(diff., unexpected)  .006  .329  .330 
p(diff., expected +12 weeks)  .000  .034  .359 
p(diff., expected +6 weeks)  .457  .587  .905 
B. Chargeable Leave       
 Birth 0.57*** 0.38 0.68*** 0.29 0.24 0.74*** 
  (0.09) (0.27) (0.09) (0.16) (0.14) (0.11) 
 Birth × Unexpected +12 weeks −1.86*** −0.94 −1.74*** −2.14*** −1.74*** −2.16*** 
  (0.18) (0.64) (0.20) (0.36) (0.32) (0.028) 
 Birth × Expected +12 weeks −1.69*** −2.10*** −1.73*** −1.82*** −1.37*** −2.06*** 
  (0.12) (0.34) (0.12) (0.22) (0.19) (0.17) 
 Birth × Expected +6 weeks −0.53*** −0.05 −0.59*** −0.30 −0.22 −0.65* 
  (0.15) (0.54) (0.16) (0.32) (0.26) (0.25) 
 Number of observations 11,943 1,138 9,904 3,177 3,625 8,578 
 Comparison mean 3.129 3.745 3.093 3.479 3.154 3.192 
p(diff., birth)  .452  .067  .002 
p(diff., birth × unexpected)  .139  .502  .246 
p(diff., birth × expected +12 weeks)  .265  .834  .003 
p(diff., birth × expected +6 weeks)  .346  .330  .156 
C. Pregnancy Leave       
 Birth −0.04 −0.39*** −0.01 −0.18*** −0.12** −0.04 
  (0.03) (0.09) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) 
 Birth × 18 weeks announced 0.02 0.04 −0.06 0.20 0.10 −0.01 
  (0.06) (0.16) (0.06) (0.12) (0.10) (0.06) 
 Birth × 12 weeks announced −0.05 0.09 −0.06 −0.03 0.06 −0.08 
  (0.05) (0.15) (0.05) (0.09) (0.08) (0.05) 
 Number of observations 19,856 1,591 16,543 4,904 6,355 15,095 
 Comparison mean 0.902 1.194 0.911 0.969 0.896 0.934 
p(diff., birth)  .000  .014  .044 
p(diff., birth × 18 weeks)  .886  .046  .240 
p(diff., birth × 12 weeks)  .334  .648  .084 
GradeExperienceMarital Status
EnlistedOfficerNewNot NewSingleMarried
A. Maternity Leave       
 Unexpected +12 weeks 8.56*** 5.66*** 8.54*** 7.85*** 8.84*** 8.14*** 
  (0.33) (1.10) (0.36) (0.64) (0.63) (0.37) 
 Expected +12 weeks 11.20*** 9.96*** 11.25*** 10.71*** 11.25*** 11.03*** 
  (0.12) (0.38) (0.13) (0.22) (0.22) (0.13) 
 Expected +6 weeks 6.09*** 5.69*** 6.03*** 6.22*** 6.04*** 6.06*** 
  (0.13) (0.62) (0.15) (0.27) (0.21) (0.16) 
 Number of observations 2,214 210 1,778 646 610 1,814 
p(diff., unexpected)  .006  .329  .330 
p(diff., expected +12 weeks)  .000  .034  .359 
p(diff., expected +6 weeks)  .457  .587  .905 
B. Chargeable Leave       
 Birth 0.57*** 0.38 0.68*** 0.29 0.24 0.74*** 
  (0.09) (0.27) (0.09) (0.16) (0.14) (0.11) 
 Birth × Unexpected +12 weeks −1.86*** −0.94 −1.74*** −2.14*** −1.74*** −2.16*** 
  (0.18) (0.64) (0.20) (0.36) (0.32) (0.028) 
 Birth × Expected +12 weeks −1.69*** −2.10*** −1.73*** −1.82*** −1.37*** −2.06*** 
  (0.12) (0.34) (0.12) (0.22) (0.19) (0.17) 
 Birth × Expected +6 weeks −0.53*** −0.05 −0.59*** −0.30 −0.22 −0.65* 
  (0.15) (0.54) (0.16) (0.32) (0.26) (0.25) 
 Number of observations 11,943 1,138 9,904 3,177 3,625 8,578 
 Comparison mean 3.129 3.745 3.093 3.479 3.154 3.192 
p(diff., birth)  .452  .067  .002 
p(diff., birth × unexpected)  .139  .502  .246 
p(diff., birth × expected +12 weeks)  .265  .834  .003 
p(diff., birth × expected +6 weeks)  .346  .330  .156 
C. Pregnancy Leave       
 Birth −0.04 −0.39*** −0.01 −0.18*** −0.12** −0.04 
  (0.03) (0.09) (0.03) (0.05) (0.04) (0.03) 
 Birth × 18 weeks announced 0.02 0.04 −0.06 0.20 0.10 −0.01 
  (0.06) (0.16) (0.06) (0.12) (0.10) (0.06) 
 Birth × 12 weeks announced −0.05 0.09 −0.06 −0.03 0.06 −0.08 
  (0.05) (0.15) (0.05) (0.09) (0.08) (0.05) 
 Number of observations 19,856 1,591 16,543 4,904 6,355 15,095 
 Comparison mean 0.902 1.194 0.911 0.969 0.896 0.934 
p(diff., birth)  .000  .014  .044 
p(diff., birth × 18 weeks)  .886  .046  .240 
p(diff., birth × 12 weeks)  .334  .648  .084 

Notes: Robust standard errors clustered by the individual are shown in parentheses. For each regression, the treated and reference groups are limited to the category indicated by the column header. For panel A, the first-differences reference group is mothers who gave birth under the 6-week policy. For panels B and C, the difference-in-differences reference group is the matched controls to females.

*p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal