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Table 4

Total chargeable leave used 0–3 months pre-birth

MothersFemalesMatched Comparators
(1)(2)(3)(4)
Birth ref. −0.107*** −0.151*** −0.063* 
  (0.023) (0.023) (0.025) 
Birth × 18 Weeks Announced 0.578*** 0.149** 0.044 0.022 
 (0.047) (0.047) (0.048) (0.053) 
Birth × 12 Weeks Announced 0.498*** 0.011 −0.006 −0.037 
 (0.045) (0.044) (0.042) (0.044) 
Match Gender   Male Female 
Month Fixed Effects    
Month-Year Fixed Effects  
Rank Group Fixed Effects 
Location Fixed Effects 
Job Type Fixed Effects 
Number of Observations 2,996 669,257 23,891 21,454 
Number of Individuals 2,737 27,010 19,749 9,719 
R2 .124 .095 .113 .128 
Control Mean 2.682 2.515 2.730 2.738 
p(birth +18 weeks) = 0  .308 .013 .392 
p(birth +12 weeks) = 0  .011 .000 .006 
MothersFemalesMatched Comparators
(1)(2)(3)(4)
Birth ref. −0.107*** −0.151*** −0.063* 
  (0.023) (0.023) (0.025) 
Birth × 18 Weeks Announced 0.578*** 0.149** 0.044 0.022 
 (0.047) (0.047) (0.048) (0.053) 
Birth × 12 Weeks Announced 0.498*** 0.011 −0.006 −0.037 
 (0.045) (0.044) (0.042) (0.044) 
Match Gender   Male Female 
Month Fixed Effects    
Month-Year Fixed Effects  
Rank Group Fixed Effects 
Location Fixed Effects 
Job Type Fixed Effects 
Number of Observations 2,996 669,257 23,891 21,454 
Number of Individuals 2,737 27,010 19,749 9,719 
R2 .124 .095 .113 .128 
Control Mean 2.682 2.515 2.730 2.738 
p(birth +18 weeks) = 0  .308 .013 .392 
p(birth +12 weeks) = 0  .011 .000 .006 

Notes: Robust standard errors clustered by the individual are shown in parentheses. The reference group is female Marines who gave birth believing they had the 6-week maternity leave policy period for model 1; females with no birth events for model 2; the matched group of males with no observed birth events for model 3; and the matched group of females with no observed birth events for model 4.

*p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001

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