E. F. Schumacher is best remembered as the author of the best-selling Small Is Beautiful: A Study of Economics as If People Mattered (1973), one of the key books of the counterculture of the 1970s and the only such one written by an economist. He was also the instigator of the intermediate technology movement in the field of economic development, promoting the idea from the early 1960s and then going on to establish the Intermediate Technology Development Group. This article discusses the evolution of Schumacher’s ideas on technology and development, showing how they reflected his own personal transformation from conventional Fabian to traditionalist critic of the West.
E. F. Schumacher and Intermediate Technology
Robert Leonard is professor of economics at the Université du Québec à Montréal, where he is also a member of the Centre interuniversitaire de recherche sur la science et la technologie (CIRST). Author of Von Neumann, Morgenstern and the Creation of Game Theory (2010), he is currently writing about the life and work of E. F. Schumacher. He was president of the History of Economics Society in 2014–15.
Robert Leonard; E. F. Schumacher and Intermediate Technology. History of Political Economy 1 December 2018; 50 (S1): 249–265. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/00182702-7033968
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